The Spanish-American War
May 13, · The Spanish-American War was an conflict between the United States and Spain that ended Spanish colonial rule in the Americas and resulted in . Apr 14, · The Spanish-American War was a conflict between the United States and Spain that effectively ended Spain's role as a colonial power in the New World. The United States emerged from the war as a world power with significant territorial claims stretching from the Caribbean to .
Though President William McKinley had wished to avoid war, American forces moved swiftly once it began. In rapid campaigns, American forces seized the Philippines and Guam. This was followed by a longer campaign in southern Cuba which culminated in American victories at sea and on land.
In the wake of the conflict, the United States became an imperial power having gained many Spanish territories. Beginning inthe people of Cuba commenced the Ten Years' War in an attempt to overthrow their Spanish rulers. Unsuccessful, they mounted a second rebellion in which resulted in a brief conflict known as the Little War. Again defeated, the Cubans were granted minor concessions by the Spanish government. Having defeated the two previous insurrections, the Spanish took a heavy hand in attempting to put down the third.
Using harsh policies that included concentration camps, General Valeriano Weyler sought to crush the rebels. These horrified the American public which had deep commercial concerns in Cuba and who were fed a constant series of sensationalist headlines by newspapers such as Joseph Pulitzer's New York World and William Randolph Hearst's New York Journal. On February 15,the ship exploded and sank in the harbor. Initial reports indicated it was caused by a Spanish mine. Incensed by the incident and encouraged by the press, the public demanded war which was declared on April It was thought that from this location Dewey could quickly descend on the Spanish in the Philippines.
This attack was not intended to conquer the Spanish colony, but rather what was the spanish american war all about draw enemy ships, soldiers, and resources away from Cuba. Failing to find the Spanish at Subic Bay, the American commander moved into Manila Bay where the enemy had assumed a position off Cavite. Devising a plan of attack, Dewey and his largely modern force of steel ships advanced on May 1.
Over the next few months, Dewey worked with Filipino what day is time change in fall 2012, such as Emilio Aguinaldoto secure the rest of the archipelago. The following month they captured Manila from the Spanish. The victory in the Philippines was augmented by the capture of Guam on June While a blockade of Cuba was imposed on What does a child learn in kindergarten 21, efforts to get American troops to Cuba moved slowly.
Though thousands how to change date of birth on citizenship certificate to serve, issues persisted in equipping and transporting them to the war zone. With the enemy nearing the city, Admiral Pascual Cervera, whose fleet lay at anchor in the harbor, attempted to escape.
Schley's "Flying Squadron". In the ensuing Battle of Santiago de CubaSampson and Schley either sank or drove ashore the entirety of Spanish fleet. While the city fell on July 16, American forces continued to fight in Puerto Rico. With the Spanish facing defeat on all fronts, they elected to sign an armistice on August 12 which ended hostilities. This was followed by a formal peace agreement, the Treaty of Pariswhich was concluded in December.
It also surrendered its rights to Cuba allowing the island to become independent under the guidance of Washington. While the conflict effectively marked the end of the Spanish Empire, it saw the rise of the United States as world power and aided healing the divides caused by the Civil War.
Though a short war, the conflict led to protracted American involvement in Cuba as well as spawned the Philippine-American War. Share Flipboard Email. Kennedy Hickman. Military and Naval History Expert.
Kennedy Hickman is a historian, museum director, and curator who specializes in military and naval history. He has appeared on The History Channel as a featured expert. Facebook Facebook. Updated March 06, Cite this Article Format. Hickman, Kennedy. The Spanish-American War. Philippine-American War: Causes and Consequences. Are Puerto Ricans Immigrants in the U.
Causes: Remember the Maine!
The Spanish-American War of ended Spain’s colonial empire in the Western Hemisphere and secured the position of the United States as a Pacific power. U.S. victory in the war produced a peace treaty that compelled the Spanish to relinquish claims on Cuba, and to cede sovereignty over Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to the United States. Fought between April and August , the Spanish-American War was the result of American concern over Spanish treatment of Cuba, political pressures, and anger over the sinking of USS Maine. Though President William McKinley had wished to avoid war, American forces moved swiftly once it . The Spanish American wars of independence were the numerous wars against Spanish rule in Spanish America during the early 19th century. With the aim of political independence, these began shortly after the French invasion of Spain in during Europe's Napoleonic ledidatingstory.comgh there has been research on the idea of a separate Spanish American ("creole") identity separate from that of .
The United States also annexed the independent state of Hawaii during the conflict. Thus, the war enabled the United States to establish its predominance in the Caribbean region and to pursue its strategic and economic interests in Asia. The war that erupted in between the United States and Spain was preceded by three years of fighting by Cuban revolutionaries to gain independence from Spanish colonial rule.
From —, the violent conflict in Cuba captured the attention of Americans because of the economic and political instability that it produced in a region within such close geographical proximity to the United States.
The long-held U. By early , tensions between the United States and Spain had been mounting for months. After the U. On April 20, the U. The Spanish government rejected the U. McKinley responded by implementing a naval blockade of Cuba on April 22 and issued a call for , military volunteers the following day. That same day, Spain declared war on the United States, and the U.
Congress voted to go to war against Spain on April On June 10, U. After isolating and defeating the Spanish Army garrisons in Cuba, the U. Navy destroyed the Spanish Caribbean squadron on July 3 as it attempted to escape the U. On July 26, at the behest of the Spanish government, the French ambassador in Washington, Jules Cambon, approached the McKinley Administration to discuss peace terms, and a cease-fire was signed on August The war officially ended four months later, when the U.
The U. Senate ratified the treaty on February 6, , by a margin of only one vote. The McKinley Administration also used the war as a pretext to annex the independent state of Hawaii. In , a group of Hawaii-based planters and businessmen led a coup against Queen Liliuokalani and established a new government. They promptly sought annexation by the United States, but President Grover Cleveland rejected their requests.
In , however, President McKinley and the American public were more favorably disposed toward acquiring the islands. Supporters of annexation argued that Hawaii was vital to the U. Menu Menu. Milestones: — For more information, please see the full notice. Secretary of State John Hay.