The Holocaust: Non-Jewish Victims
Gypsies were moved into A special are set up by the Nazis and half their population was wiped out. Gypsies were an ethnic group originally from India, who for unknown reasons took to a wandering lifestyles that consisted of several tribes/nations. The Gypsies were gassed, were used at medical guinea pigs and injected with lethal substances. We believe that we should because we think that the Jews did not deserve to be treated this way, being starved, beaten, broken apart from their family, having to do all that hard labor, having to hide, and most of all how many people were killed, just EVERYTHING they had to do.
This map indicates the number of What temperature should rose wine be served murdered by ggroups Einsatzgruppen killing squads which followed the German army in each country.
The map shows modern day Belarus, at the bottom, then continuing clockwise, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and Russia. The Holocaust Shoah is the ofher for the murder of around six million Jews by the Nazi regime and their collaborators during the Second World War. Between andthe Nazis sought to eliminate the entire Jewish community of Europe. Jews were murdered by death squads called Einsatzgruppen or transported to extermination how to play clannad on piano. Six million of the eleven million European Jews perished.
The Nazis did not act alone. Countries which were occupied by the Nazis during the Second World War, such as Lithuania and the Ukraine, assisted the perpetrators. The Holocaust Explained is a website which aims to answer common questions about how the Nazis were able to plan and carry out the mass murder of over six million Jews, and millions of non-Jews.
We encourage learners to move through the nazsi section by section, starting with the concept of genocide itself. We hope that when people reach the last section, Survival and Legacythey will have learned a great deal about what the Holocaust was and why it is essential that we all continue to learn about it.
On 19 Aprilthe beginning of the liquidation of the Warsaw ghetto was met with organised armed resistance by its residents. On 30 AprilHitler took his own life in his ggroups underneath the Reich chancellery in Berlin.
Visit The Wiener Holocaust Library. Section: What was the Holocaust? What was the Holocaust? Life before the Holocaust Antisemitism How did the Nazis rise to power? Life in Nazi-controlled Europe What were the ghettos and camps?
How and why did the Holocaust happen? Resistance, responses and collaboration Survival and legacy Resources Educational Resources Timeline Survivor testimonies About us How to use this site. Advanced content hidden Showing advanced content. Nazi occupied countries complied with, and in some cases willingly implemented, Nazi policies and laws.
Three young Roma women walk together along a road in s Europe. Continue to next section Life before the Holocaust. What happened in April. On 11 Aprilthe US army liberated Buchenwald camp.
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Other groups singled out by the Nazis included LGBTQ individuals, the physically and mentally disabled, Roma (gypsies), Poles and other Slavic peoples, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and members of political opposition groups. However tragic, these non-Jewish victims are typically not considered victims of the Holocaust. Besides Jews, what other groups were targeted during the Holocaust? Gypsies. Slavic people. the Disabled. Jehovahs Witnesses. Homosexual Men. Other groups were also targeted by the Nazi regime: disabled people, Soviet Prisoners of War and civilians, Polish civilians, homosexuals, socialists, communists and trades unionists, Freemasons and Jehovah’s Witnesses. The Nazis did not act alone.
Jews were one of four groups racially targeted for persecution in Nazi Germany and in German-controlled Europe. While Nazi ideology targeted Jews as the primary enemy of Germany, the Nazis also targeted Roma Gypsies on racial grounds. The Nuremberg Laws which defined Jews by blood were later applied to Roma. Drawing on traditional prejudices in German society, the Nazis termed Roma as prone by race to be "work-shy" and "asocial" with an inherited inclination to engage in petty crime.
Among the first killed in the mobile gas vans at the Chelmno killing center in German-occupied Poland in early were Roma deported from the Greater German Reich to the Lodz ghetto. SS and police authorities deported more than 20, Roma to the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp, where the camp authorities killed almost all of them in the gas chambers.
In the German-occupied parts of the Soviet Union, German military and SS-police officials shot tens of thousands of local Roma, often on trumped-up justification that the Roma were engaged in espionage for the Soviet authorities. Two of Nazi Germany's Axis partners also engaged in the mass murder of Roma. The authorities of the so-called Independent State of Croatia killed approximately 25, Roma, many of them at the Jasenovac concentration camp complex.
In Romania , the government of General Ion Antonescu killed between 13, and 36, Roma, both in Romania proper and in Transnistria. The Nazis viewed Poles and the Slavic and so-called Asiatic peoples of the Soviet Union as racially inferior, and slated them for subjugation and forced labor.
They implemented a policy of physical annihilation of the political, intellectual, and cultural elites of Poland and the Soviet Union. German occupation authorities murdered tens of thousands of members of the Polish elite classes including intellectuals and Catholic priests in an operation known as Ausserordentliche Befriedungsaktion AB-Extraordinary Pacification Action.
The Commissar Order , issued to German military commanders on June 6, , called for shooting captured political commissars serving in the Red Army. German SS and police units received instructions to kill high-ranking and mid-level officials of the Soviet state and the Soviet Communist Party.
Around three million others were held in makeshift camps without proper shelter, food, or medicine with the deliberate intent that they die. Approximately two million Soviet soldiers died as a result of this criminal neglect in the winter of Even after the Germans decided to permit the remaining Soviet soldiers to survive so that their labor could be exploited, Soviet soldiers were generally incarcerated under harsher conditions—often in concentration camps—than any other group of prisoners of war.
Backed by willing supporters in the medical, healthcare, and social service professional communities, the Nazis viewed institutionalized people with disabilities perceived as congenital to be a threat to the gene pool of the so-called German master race.
The Nazi leadership was determined to use the opportunity of war to physically annihilate people with disabilities living in institutions but perceived as unable to work. After this legislation, officials of Hitler's private chancellery—working with officials of the German Ministry of Health and the German Criminal Police —established plans and procedures for three killing operations. Among the earliest victims of discrimination and persecution in Nazi Germany were political opponents —primarily Communists, Socialists, Social Democrats, and trade union leaders.
The Nazis also persecuted authors and artists whose works they considered subversive or who were Jewish. In —34, the German central government and various local governments as well as local battalions of the Nazi SA Sturmabteilungen ; Assault Detachments and SS Schutzstaffel; Protection Squads established concentration camps throughout Germany to detain political prisoners.
The SS, which centralized and took control of the concentration camp system in , had established its first concentration camp, Dachau , in March The Germans persecuted, incarcerated in concentration camps, and killed real and perceived political opponents of the Nazi regime inside Germany.
This included both Catholic and Lutheran clergy as well as persons engaged in real and perceived activities of resistance movements in German-occupied Europe. Some of the so-called anti-partisan operations, particularly in the occupied Soviet Union, were in effect efforts to depopulate the Soviet countryside. The Germans massacred hundreds of thousands, perhaps millions, of Soviet civilians in their villages. The vast majority of these victims had little or no connection to partisan resistance.
The Nazi regime also targeted Jehovah's Witnesses who refused to swear an oath to the regime or perform military service. Approximately 3, Jehovah's Witnesses were incarcerated in concentration camps. Nearly a third of them died there. Another were shot after being convicted by a military tribunal.
The Nazi regime also persecuted male homosexuals for failing their duty to contribute to the expansion of the German race and for their perceived corrupting influence. Tens of thousands of homosexuals were indicted for alleged homosexual acts or behavior: some of those who could not be convicted, or who were picked up by the Gestapo German secret state police after serving their sentences, were imprisoned in concentration camps.
Hundreds, possibly thousands died in the camps. Finally, German Criminal Police officials arrested and incarcerated in concentration camps tens of thousands of so-called asocials as well as real or perceived repeat criminal offenders , even though they had not committed a new crime or violation. We would like to thank Crown Family Philanthropies and the Abe and Ida Cooper Foundation for supporting the ongoing work to create content and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia.
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As part of Operation 14f13, ill and exhausted concentration camp prisoners were sent to euthanasia killing centers for gassing. In the second phase of euthanasia program, from —45, approximately , institutionalized adults with disabilities were murdered at institutions throughout Greater Germany; these victims were killed by starvation and lethal overdoses of medication.
Other Persecuted Groups The Nazi regime also persecuted and killed members of other groups. Glossary Terms. Series: Nazi Racism. Series: Victims of the Nazi Era. Critical Thinking Questions How and why do regimes target individual groups? How are members of the group identified, separated, and brutalized? Thank you for supporting our work We would like to thank Crown Family Philanthropies and the Abe and Ida Cooper Foundation for supporting the ongoing work to create content and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia.