The Birth of the Popular Hindu God Krishna
Krishna, Sanskrit K???a, one of the most widely revered and most popular of all Indian divinities, worshipped as the eighth incarnation (avatar, or avatara) of the Hindu god Vishnu and also as a supreme god in his own right. Krishna became the focus of numerous bhakti (devotional) cults, which have over the centuries produced a wealth of religious poetry, music, and painting. Krishna is the Hindu god of benevolence, kindness, and compassion. He is the eight avatar (or personification) of Vishnu. Krishna is considered one of See full answer below.
I see no good in killing my people in battle, Lovely-Haired Krishna! Krishna, I long neither for victory nor kingship nor pleasures. Lord of the Cows, what is kingship to us, what are delights, or life itself? The dharma of caste, and the eternal dharma of family, are uprooted by these wrongful acts of family-destroyers, since they create a blending of caste.
Son of Bharata, the embodied self which exists in the body of everyone is eternally free from harm; tue you should not grieve for any living beings.
Your authority is in action alone, and never in its fruits; motive should never be in the fruits of action, nor should you cling to inaction.
Abiding in yoga, engage how to make a go kart with a lawn mower actions! Let go of clinging, and let fulfilment and frustration be the same; for it is said yoga is equanimity. Brahman is offering; Brahman is oblation poured out by Brahman in the fire of Brahman; Brahman is attained by one absorbed in the action of Brahman.
Arjuna, just as the lit fire makes the kindling into ashes, in this same way the fire of wisdom vod all actions into ashes. This master creates neither agent nor action in this world, nor the linking of action with its fruit. But his own nature keeps on evolving. Understand that all beings wgat their origins in this nature: I am the birth and the dissolution of the whole world. Among the embodied, the highest being is finite existence; the highest god is the great spirit; I am the highest sacrifice here in this body, What are the four functions of blood in the body One.
This whole i is woven through with me, in a shape which is formless; all beings dwell in me, while I do not dwell in them. Yet neither do beings dwell in me. Behold, my powerful yoga : bearing beings, and yet not dwelling in beings, my own self causing them to be. Those who choose gods go to the gods.
Those who choose ancestors go to the ancestors. Those who honour the ghosts go to the ghosts. Those who sacrifice to me go to me. Among rulers with the sceptre, I how to read welding rod numbers authority. Among those who want victory, I am wise conduct. Among hidden things, I am silence. Among the wise, I am wisdom. Understand that whatever powerful being there is— be it splendid, or filled with vigour, what is the capital of marshall islands comes to be from only a small part of my brilliance.
But what, Arjuna, is the purpose of this abundant wisdom to you? I stand, holding up this entire world with only a small part of my self. Your Majesty, when he said this, Hari, the great lord of yogashowed to Arjuna the Son of Pritha his highest, most powerful, form. I see you everywhere: arms, bellies, faces, eyes— form without end. I see you, Lord of the Universe, Manifold One, you have no beginning, no middle, no end.
The form of mine which you have seen is hard to discern. Even the gods are eternally wanting to have the sacred sight of this form. Neither through Veda, nor heated discipline, nor gift, nor sacrifice, is it possible to see me in the way you have seen me. Blameless One, there sattva is stainless and brings light; it binds by connection to joy, and by connection to wisdom.
The form of the ashvattha is not to be discerned here, how to get into intensive treatment in batman arkham asylum its end, nor beginning, nor ongoing life.
The poets know that the leaving aside of action based on desire is renunciation; and the clear-sighted see that the giving up of all fruit of such action is called letting go.
So this wisdom told to you by me is more hidden than the hidden; how to make eiffel tower when you have pondered this completely, then do as you like. Even further, listen to my highest word: the most hidden of all; you are greatly loved by krishnna, so I will speak for your benefit.
Devoted to me, keep your mind intent on me, give honour to me, and sacrifice to me. In this way, you will truly krisjna to me, I promise, for you are my beloved. One who what does signum mean in latin and recites this conversation of ours so filled with dharma would sacrifice to me with the sacrifice of knowledge.
The Bhagavad Gita. Plot Summary. All Characters Arjuna Krishna Sanjaya. All Symbols Ashvattha Tree. LitCharts Teacher Editions. Teach your students to analyze what is krishna the god of like LitCharts does.
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Theme Wheel. Everything you need for every book you read. The way the content is organized and presented is seamlessly smooth, innovative, and comprehensive. He speaks the vast gpd of the verses in the Bhagavad Gitaconvincing Arjuna to go on with the battle by suggesting that he must perform his dharma as a warrior and should not fear the deaths of his family members and enemies, the Kauravasbecause the true self of all beings is an immortal, formless soul.
For each quote, you can also see the other characters and themes related to it each theme is indicated by its own dot and icon, like this one:. Discourse 1 Quotes. Related Characters: Arjuna speakerKrishna.
Related Themes: Detachment and Dharma. Page Number and Citation : 11 Cite this Quote. Explanation and Analysis:. Page Number and Citation : 14 Cite this Quote.
Discourse 2 Quotes. Related Characters: Krishna speakerArjuna. Page Number and Citation : 24 Cite this Quote. Page Number and Citation : whst Cite this Quote. Discourse 4 Quotes. Page Number and Citation : 55 Cite this Quote. Page Number and Citation : 59 Cite this Quote. Discourse 5 Quotes. Page Number and Citation : Cite this Quote. Discourse 6 Quotes. The self is in all fod and all beings are in the self.
Page Number and Citation : 78 Cite this Quote. Discourse 7 Quotes. Page Number and Citation : 85 Cite this Quote. Discourse 8 Quotes. Page Number and Citation : 93 Cite this Quote.
Discourse 9 Quotes. Discourse 10 Quotes. Discourse 11 Quotes. Discourse 14 Quotes. Related Themes: Reincarnation and the Self. Discourse 15 Quotes. Related Symbols: Ashvattha Tree. Discourse 17 Quotes. Om tat sat. Discourse 18 Quotes. Related Themes: Forms of Worship.
The Bhagavad Gita
Jul 03, · The great exponent of the Bhagavad Gita, Krishna is one of the most powerful incarnations of Vishnu, the Godhead of the Hindu Trinity of deities. Of all the Vishnu avatars he is the most popular, and perhaps of all Hindu gods the one closest to the heart of the masses. Krishna was dark and extremely handsome. Krishna is recognized as the eighth incarnation (avatar) of Lord Vishnu, and one and the same as Lord Vishnu, one of the trimurti and as the supreme god in his own right. Krishna is the principal protagonist with Arjuna in the Bhagavad Gita also known as the Song of God, which depicts the conversation between the Royal Prince Arjuna and Krishna. Jun 26, · The roles of God. Krishna has assumed many roles, the best known of which are as the chariot god of the Bhagavad Gita and the erotic cowherd god, the Dark One of medieval Indian bhakti, where he is the embodiment of love, the divine joy that destroys all pain. Since the medieval period Krishna has become the dominant and most erotic symbol in the Indian religion and culture, the .
The great exponent of the Bhagavad Gita , Krishna is one of the most powerful incarnations of Vishnu , the Godhead of the Hindu Trinity of deities. Of all the Vishnu avatars he is the most popular, and perhaps of all Hindu gods the one closest to the heart of the masses.
Krishna was dark and extremely handsome. The word Krishna literally means 'black', and black also connotes mysteriousness. For generations, Krishna has been an enigma to some, but God to millions, who go ecstatic even as they hear his name. People consider Krishna their leader, hero, protector, philosopher, teacher and friend all rolled into one. Krishna has influenced the Indian thought, life, and culture in myriad ways. He has influenced not only its religion and philosophy, but also into its mysticism and literature, painting and sculpture, dance and music, and all aspects of Indian folklore.
Indian as well as Western scholars have now accepted the period between and BC as the period in which Lord Krishna lived on earth. Krishna took birth at midnight on the Ashtami or the 8th day of the Krishnapaksha or dark fortnight in the Hindu month of Shravan August-September. The birthday of Krishna is called Janmashtami, a special occasion for Hindus that is celebrated around the world. The birth of Krishna is in itself a transcendental phenomenon that generates awe among the Hindus and overwhelms one and all with its supra mundane happenings.
Stories about Krishna's exploits abound. Legends have it that on the very sixth day of his birth, Krishna killed lady demon Putna by sucking on her breasts.
In his childhood, he also killed many other mighty demons, such as Trunavarta, Keshi, Aristhasur, Bakasur, Pralambasur et al. During the same period he also killed Kali Nag cobra de capello and made the holy water of river Yamuna poison free. Krishna made cowherdesses happy by the bliss of his cosmic dances and the soulful music of his flute. He stayed in Gokul, the legendary 'cow-village' in Northern India for 3 years and 4 months. As a child he was reputed to be very mischievous, stealing curd and butter and playing pranks with his girl friends or gopis.
Having completed his Lila or exploits at Gokul, he went to Vrindavan and stayed until he was 6 years and 8 months old. According to a famous legend, Krishna drove away from the monstrous serpent Kaliya from the river to the sea. Krishna, according to another popular myth, lifted the Govardhana hill up with his little finger and held it like an umbrella to protect the people of Vrindavana from the torrential rain caused by Lord Indra, who had been annoyed by Krishna.
Then he lived in Nandagram till he was Krishna then returned to Mathura, his birthplace, and killed his wicked maternal uncle King Kamsa along with all his cruel associates and liberated his parents from jail.
He also reinstated Ugrasen as the King of Mathura. He completed his education and mastered the 64 sciences and arts in 64 days at Avantipura under his preceptor Sandipani. As gurudaksina or tuition fees, he restored Sandipani's dead son to him. He stayed in Mathura till he was Krishna then came to the rescue of a clan of Yadava chiefs, who were ousted by the king Jarasandha of Magadha. He easily triumphed over the multi-million army of Jarasandha by building an impregnable capital Dwarka, "the many-gated" city on an island in the sea.
The city located on the western point of Gujarat is now submerged in the sea according to the epic Mahabharata. Krishna shifted, as the story goes, all his sleeping relatives and natives to Dwarka by the power of his yoga. In Dwarka, he married Rukmini, then Jambavati, and Satyabhama. He also saved his kingdom from Nakasura, the demon king of Pragjyotisapura, had abducted 16, princesses.
Krishna freed them and married them since they had nowhere else to go. For many years, Krishna lived with the Pandava and Kaurava kings who ruled over Hastinapur. When a war was about to break out between the Pandavas and Kauravas, Krishna was sent to mediate but failed.
War became inevitable, and Krishna offered his forces to the Kauravas and himself agreed to join the Pandavas as the charioteer of the master warrior Arjuna. This epic battle of Kurukshetra described in the Mahabharata was fought in about BC. In the middle of the war, Krishna delivered his famous advice, which forms the crux of the Bhagavad Gita, in which he put forward the theory of 'Nishkam Karma' or action without attachment.
After the great war, Krishna returned to Dwarka. In his final days on earth, he taught spiritual wisdom to Uddhava, his friend, and disciple, and ascended to his abode after casting off his body, which was shot at by a hunter named Jara. He is believed to have lived for years. Whether he was a human being or a God-incarnate, there is no gainsaying the fact that he has been ruling the hearts of millions for over three millennia.
In the words of Swami Harshananda, "If a person can affect such a profound impact on the Hindu race affecting its psyche and ethos and all aspects of its life for centuries, he is no less than God. Share Flipboard Email. Subhamoy Das.
Cite this Article Format. Das, Subhamoy. Who Is Lord Krishna? Vishwakarma, the Hindu Lord of Architecture. The 10 Avatars of the Hindu God Vishnu. Reasons to Celebrate Diwali the Festival of Lights.