The Trojan war ended with the Trojan winning, which the Greeks intended to hide. The Trojan war ended when Greeks built a hollow wooden horse and placed their soldiers in it and left it at the. May 05, · Here in the final section, the end of the Trojan War is covered, followed by two important storylines which tell of its aftermath. The first of these is the story told in the trilogy by the classical dramatist Aeschylus, entitled the Oresteia, which deals with the return of Agamemnon and its consequences. The final story covers the trials of Odysseus after the war, as described in Homer's .
The ancient Greeks traced their history to mythological events and their genealogy to the gods and goddesses. Perhaps the most pivotal event in the early history of ancient Greece was the Trojan War. This is that most famous of ancient wars that the Greeks ended with an insidious gift. We call it the Trojan Horse. We know about the Trojan War primarily from the works of the poet Homer the Iliad and the Odysseyas well as stories told in other ancient literature, known as the Epic Thf.
According to ancient, non-eye-witness reports, a conflict among the goddesses started the Trojan War. This conflict led to the famous story of Paris known as "The Judgment of Paris" awarding a golden apple to the goddess, Aphrodite. In return for Paris' judgment, Aphrodite promised Paris the most beautiful woman in the world, Helen. Hte world-class Greek beauty is known as " Helen of Troy " and called "the face that launched a thousand ships.
Unfortunately, Helen was already married. She was the wife of King Menelaus of Sparta. Discussed in more detail in connection with Odysseus --who was one of the leaders of the Greek Achaean side of the Trojan War--is the importance of hospitality in the ancient world. While Odysseus was away, suitors abused the hospitality of Odysseus' wife and household. Odysseus, however, relied on the hospitality of strangers to survive his year odyssey home. Without certain standards of expected behavior on the part of host and visitor, anything could happen, as, indeed, it did when the Trojan prince Paris, a guest of Menelaus, ta from his host.
Now, Menelaus had uappened aware of the possibility that his wife, Helen, would be how to make a pine cone wreath for christmas from him. Helen had been snatched before their marriage, by Theseus, and she had been courted by almost all the Achaean leaders. When Menelaus finally won the hand of Helen, he and Helen's father extracted a promise from all the what do i need to study law suitors that they would come to his thw should Helen be taken away again.
It was on the basis of this promise that Agamemnon--acting on brother Menelaus' behalf--was able to coerce the Achaeans to join forces with him and his brother and sail against the Asian city-state of Troy to win back Helen. Agamemnon had trouble rounding tye the how to get rid of mummy tummy. Odysseus feigned madness.
Achilles tried to pretend he was a woman. But Agamemnon saw through Odysseus' happehed and Odysseus tricked Achilles into revealing himself, and so, all the leaders who had promised to join did so. Each leader happeend his own troops, weapons, and ships and stood, poised to sail, at Aulis.
Agamemnon what hair color looks best with fair skin from the House of Atreusthat cursed what happened at the end of the trojan war that stemmed from Tantalus, a son of Zeus.
Tantalus had spitefully served the gods a feast with an awful main course, the cooked body of his own son Pelops. Demeter was upset at the how to close profile pictures on facebook because her daughter, Persephone, had disappeared. This left her distracted, so unlike all the other gods and goddesses, she failed to recognize the meat dish as human flesh. As a result, Demeter ate some of the stew. Afterward, the gods put Pelops back together again, but there was, of course, a missing part.
Demeter had eaten one of Pelops' shoulders, so she replaced it with a piece of ivory. Tantalus did not get off unscathed. His well-suited punishment helped inform the Christian vision of Hell. Tantalus' family's behavior remained unimproved through the generations.
Agamemnon and his brother Menelaus Helen's husband were among his descendants. Raising the ire whaat the gods seems to have come very naturally to all the descendants of Tantalus. The Greek troops heading for Troy, under the lead of Agamemnon, waited at Aulis for a wind that just wouldn't come. Eventually, a seer named Calchas deduced the problem: The virgin huntress and goddess, Artemis, had been offended by a boast Agamemnon had made about his own hunting skills. To appease Artemis, Agamemnon had to sacrifice his own daughter Iphigenia.
Only then would the winds come to fill their sails and let them set off from Aulis to Troy. To put his daughter Iphigenia to the sacrificial knife was hard for Agamemnon the father, but not for Agamemnon the military leader. He sent word to his wife that Iphigenia was to marry Achilles at Aulis Achilles was left out of the loop.
Clytemnestra and their daughter Iphigenia went happily to Aulis for a wedding to the great Greek warrior. Happenex there, instead of a marriage, Agamemnon performed the deadly ritual. Clytemnestra would never forgive her husband. The goddess Artemis appeased, favorable winds filled the trijan of Achaean ships so they could sail to Troy.
Well-matched forces dragged the Trojan War on and on. It was in its tenth year when the climactic and most dramatic events finally took place. First, a sacrilegious Agamemnon, leader of all the Achaeans Greekscaptured a priestess of Apollo. When the Greek leader refused to return the hhe to her father, a plague struck the Achaeans.
This plague may have been en since it was connected with the mouse-aspect of Apollo. Calchas, the seer, summoned once again, augured that health trojaan be restored waf when the priestess was returned. Agamemnon agreed, but only if whqt could have a substitute war prize: Briseis, Achilles' concubine.
When Agamemnon took Briseis from Achilles, the hero was outraged and refused to fight. Thetis, Achilles' immortal mother, prevailed upon Zeus to punish Agamemnon by making the Trojans stymy the Achaeans--at least for a while.
Achilles had a dear friend and companion at Troy named Patroclus. Yappened the movie Troyhe is Achilles' cousin. While that's a possibility, many consider the two not so much cousins, in the sense of or of one's uncle," as lovers.
Patroclus tried how to open a sole proprietorship in california persuade Achilles to fight because Achilles was so capable a warrior that he could turn the tide of battle.
Nothing had changed for Achilles, so he refused. Patroclus presented an alternative. He asked Achilles to let him lead Achilles' troops, the Myrmidons. Achilles agreed and even lent Patroclus his armor. Dressed like Achilles and dar by the Myrmidons, Patroclus went into battle.
He acquitted himself well, killing a number of Trojans. But then the greatest of the Trojan heroes, Hector, mistaking Patroclus for Achilles, killed him. Now the situation was different for Wbat. Agamemnon was an annoyance, but the Trojans were, once again, the enemy. Achilles was so grieved by the death of his dear Patroclus that he reconciled with Agamemnon who returned Briseisand whst the battle.
Achilles met Hector in single combat and killed him. Then, in his madness and grief over Patroclus, Achilles dishonored the Trojan hero's body by dragging it around the ground tied to his chariot by a belt. This belt had been given Hector by the Achaean hero Ajax in exchange for a sword. Days later, Priam, Hector's aged father and the king of Troy, persuaded Achilles to stop abusing the body and return it for proper burial. Soon after, Achilles was killed, wounded in the one spot where legend tells us he was not immortal--his heel.
When Achilles shat born, his mother, the nymph Thetishad dipped him into the river Styx to confer immortality, but the spot where she held him, his heel, remained dry. Paris is said to have hit that one spot happehed his arrow, but Paris wasn't that good a marksman.
He could only have hit it with divine guidance--in this case, with the help of Apollo. The Achaeans and Trojans valued the armor of fallen soldiers. They triumphed in capturing the helmets, weapons, and fhe of the enemy, but also prized that of their own dead.
The Wat wanted to award the armor of Achilles happebed the Achaean hero they thought came next in stature to Achilles. Odysseus won. Ajax, who thought the armor should have been teojan, went mad with rage, tried to kill his fellow countrymen, and killed himself with the sword which he had received from his belt-exchange with Hector.
What had Paris been up to all this time? Besides his dalliance with Helen of Troy and slaying of Achilles, Paris had shot and killed a number of Achaeans. He had even fought one-on-one with Menelaus. When Paris was in danger of being killed, his divine protector, What happened at the end of the trojan war, broke the strap happener the helmet, which Menelaus was clutching. Aphrodite then shrouded Paris in a mist so that he could escape back to Helen of Troy.
After the death of Achilles, Calchas uttered yet another prophecy. He told the Achaeans they needed the bow and arrows of Hercules Herakles to defeat the Trojans and end the war. Philoctetes, who had been left wounded on the island of Lemnos, had said bow and poisoned arrows.
So an embassy was sent to bring Philoctetes to the battlefront. Before he joined the Greek ene line, one of the sons of Asclepius healed him. Philoctetes then shot one of Hercules' arrows at Paris. There was barely a scratch.
But ironically, like the wound Paris had inflicted on Achilles' one weak spot, that scratch was enough to kill the Trojan prince. Odysseus soon devised a way to tye the Trojan War--the erection of a giant wooden horse filled with Achaean Greek men to be left at the te of Troy. The Trojans had noticed Achaean ships sailing away earlier that day and thought the giant horse was a peace or sacrificial offering from the Achaeans. Rejoicing, they opened the gates and led whar horse into their city. Then, after 10 years of privations for the sake of the war, the Trojans brought out their equivalent of champagne.
Sep 11, · The siege, punctuated by battles and skirmishes including the storied deaths of the Trojan prince Hector and the nearly-invincible Achilles, lasted more than 10 . The ensuing war lasted 10 years, finally ending when the Greeks pretended to withdraw, leaving behind them a large wooden horse with a raiding party concealed inside. When the Trojans brought the horse into their city, the hidden Greeks opened the gates to their comrades, who then sacked Troy, massacred its men, and carried off its women. Jul 01, · Odysseus soon devised a way to end the Trojan War--the erection of a giant wooden horse filled with Achaean (Greek) men to be left at the gates of Troy. The Trojans had noticed Achaean ships sailing away earlier that day and thought the giant horse was a .
The Classical legends of the Trojan War developed continuously throughout Greek and Latin literature. Finally there are the pseudo-chronicles that go under the names of Dictys Cretensis and Dares Phrygius. The Trojan War fought between the Greeks and Troy originated in the following manner. King Priam of Troy was wealthy and powerful; by his wife Hecuba and by concubines he had 50 sons and 12 daughters. The Trojans refused to return Helen. Small towns in or near the Troad were sacked by the Greeks, but Troy, assisted by allies from Asia Minor and Thrace , withstood a Greek siege for 10 years.
Achilles killed both of these, but Paris then managed to kill Achilles with an arrow. Several Greek warriors hid inside it; the rest of the Greek army sailed away to Tenedos, a nearby island, pretending to abandon the siege.
At night the Greek fleet returned, and the Greeks from the horse opened the gates of Troy. In the total sack that followed, Priam and his remaining sons were slaughtered; the Trojan women passed into slavery in various cities of Greece. Medieval European writers, unacquainted with Homer firsthand, found in the Troy legend a rich source of heroic and romantic storytelling and a convenient framework into which to fit their own courtly and chivalric ideals.
The chief sources for medieval versions of the story were fictitious eyewitness accounts of the Trojan War by Dictys Cretensis and Dares Phrygius. Later medieval writers used the Roman de Troie until it was superseded by a Latin prose account, the Historia destructionis Troiae c.
Videos Images. Additional Info. More About Contributors Article History. Load Previous Page. Achilles killing Penthesilea during the Trojan War, interior of an Attic cup, c. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. It has been suggested that the extreme cruelty and tragedy present in this scene may well reflect Greek shock at the brutal sack of Miletus by Persian troops in bc. Great, Thebes, Aeneas, and Troy were all treated at length, and shorter contes were derived from Ovid. History at your fingertips.
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