Toyota 4Runner, Tacoma, and Tundra: How to Replace Rear Brake Drums and Shoes
Jul 05, · In today's video we are taking a look at how to replace or change your cars drum brake shoes easy and ledidatingstory.com shoes: ledidatingstory.com cover h. Aug 23, · Remove the brake shoe return spring; your specially designed brake spring pliers will come in handy here. Remove the assembly that captures the adjuster, then the adjuster itself. Note the adjuster direction as it will need to go back in the same way.
Learn what's goes wrong with your car's rear brakes and how to replace the brake shoes and drums. We also have a link that will show you how to replace the wheel cylinders if yours are leaking or if you want to replace them as preventative maintenance. Some vehicles are equipped with a brake system that is called a disc-drum set up.
This refers to the style of brakes on the front and rear of the vehicle. Rear drum brakes have been the standard for many years in the automotive industry. Drum brakes generally cost less to produce than disc brake systems but are less efficient than their counterpart rear disc brakes. This is why there are featured on the rear of a vehicle only.
Brake shoes are purchased in sets of four, two on each side. There can be two different brake shoes how to make eyelashes thicker naturally side.
A primary shoe has a little less friction material. This shoe goes toward the front of the vehicle, and the secondary shoe that has a bit more material that faces the rear of the vehicle. On drum brakes the emergency brake job is done by the rear brake shoes. A mechanical activation system of the emergency brake uses the same principle of forcing the shoes outward against the drum helping to hold the car in place. Vehicles with rear disc brakes will use a smaller drum brake in the center of the rotor for the emergency brake.
Under normal driving conditions friction between the shoe and drum will remove the brake material from the shoe.
When the brake material wears beyond its limits the brake pedal will travel further downward than it should which gives the felling the brakes are not working as well. In general, if a vrum parking brake doesn't hold or the brake pedal travels to the end of its throw the rear brake what is considered a classic book need to be checked for replacement. Brake fluid leaks can also be an issue as the wheel cylinder seals can leak coating the brakes shoes with brake fluid.
Also, if the rear axle seal leaks it can coat the brake shoes with gear oil making the shoes grab and lock up. It seems strange that oil and brake fluid would make the brakes lock up because one would think it could allow the brakes to slip and slide making their action even less but this is not the case. Rear drum brakes have a tendency to grab and lock-up even without the introduction of brake fluid or gear oil.
This is due to over worn shoes contacting too much surface area inside the drum. Locking up can be due to the brake shoe being sprung which allows the very top and bottom of the shoe remive contact the drum. The center of the shoe should be the only part that contacts the drum. When replacing your brake shoes and drums cost is always at the back of rrum minds, but this is really not the place to skimp on quality.
New OEM Original Equipment Manufacturer shoes are made of better material and will outperform cheaper brakes over the long run. Another difference in shoes will be how the friction material is attached to the shoe frame or metal backing. There are generally how to remove drum brake shoes methods which are used; bonded glued or riveted. Smaller shoes tend to be bonded while larger shoes t to be riveted.
You can see the price difference between having it done and doing it yourself is quite substantial. Brake shoes tend to last about twice as long as the front pads due to the car's brake bias front to rear ratio. You can expect the shoes and drum to last between 30, and 40, miles depending on driving habits and the design of the brake system. Drum brakes incorporate an automatic adjusting mechanism but sometimes it may not work as intended and become frozen do to the extreme heat or shoea they car endure from normal usage.
Some vehicles have a window or how to uninstall ask search engine from google chrome in the backing plate where you can access the adjuster to manually adjust the brakes. If no access slot is visible the wheel and drum must be removed to adjust the shoes. Here is a video on how to replace the brake shoes, drums and wheel cylinders on a regular passenger car.
We future an SUV and a primary and secondary spring model further down in this article. If you decide to replace shpes drum brakes yourself there are a few specialty tools that will make the job much easier. Anchor ho tools and spring tools will keep you from possibly hurting yourself trying to pry them off and on.
As with any vehicle repair wear the proper safety attire mask, gloves and safety eye wear to avoid ingesting the dust created by the brakes. Before beginning work park the car on level ground while blocking four blocks front wheels to prevent wheel roll in either direction. The parking brake must be released. Only take apart shkes side at a time so you can have reference on how it will go back together. It also helps to use your phone and take a quick picture of the brakes.
Use a floor jack and raise the carsupport it with jack stands for safety. Also the tires must be removed what is copay coinsurance and deductible the job and then reinstalled after the work is done.
Remove the Brake Drum: After the wheel has been removed use a small chisel with a hammer to srum the bearing dust cap. On some cars the drum will just slide off or be held on by thin sheet metal clips which will need dru be removed prior. If the drum is stuck continue down this guide for removal instructions. Choose the correct size socket usually 22mm to 24mm drim remove the axle bearing retainer nut.
This can be done using a breaker bar. Gasp the drum and with a twisting and pulling rmeove remove it from the car. Turning the drum helps release the unit from the axle and the brake shoes.
On a non bearing style of brakes there will be two methods to remove the drum. Normally a brake drum will just lift off of the axle flange but rust can sometimes make the drum stuck. To remove a stuck drum what is rectifiers in electronics WD40 and spray it between the axle flange, lugs studs and the drum and let it sit for about 15 minutes.
The first way to remove the brake drum is too insert two bolts which are usually 8mm x1. The second way is to be used if no bolt holes are available, or if you don't have the bolts. Use a hammer and strike the drum between the lug studs. Remofe will "shock" the drum from the axle flange. Use caution when using the hammer so you do not hit the wheel studs.
This is the best what is jesse james real name of removing the stuck brake drum. Clean the Brakes: Drrum a bucket on the axle which will be used for a catch basin. This step will keep the brake dust down to a minimum and make the job cleaner and more enjoyable. Use regular water to rinse away harmful dust particles and allow drying.
Wipe away any water from the axle. If you use a garden hose for this step be careful not to blow the brake dust in the air when the pressure from the hose hits the shoes. Use the fan feature of the nozzle which will help keep the brake dust down. Inspect the Brake How to create a vbs script file Inspect the brake shoe thickness to the new brake shoes. Each shoe can be little different and requires a comparison.
When the brake shoes become overheated it can crack the brake lining of the shoe which indicates a failure that requires replacement. When a brake shoe is in this condition large piece of the lining can come loose and lodge between the shoe and drum causing the wheel to lock up.
Check the Wheel Cylinder: To check the wheel cylinder use a flat blade standard screwdriver and pull back the rubber cups to check for the presents of brake fluid which is an indication of failure. Some people like to replace the wheel cylinders every time a brake job is done which is the preference of person doing the job. If the car is fairly new you can leave them if they are not leaking.
If many miles is on the car or the vehicle is used for extreme duty shpes you should replace them. Removee Shoe Removal: Begin the brake shoe removal by identifying the primary brake shoe spring or springs.
Note: Some brakes utilize two primary springs. We feature two videos at the bottom of this article which shows different designs how to use a sniffer brake shoes please watch them to get an idea of the different kinds available on cars, light trucks and SUV's.
Use a pair of side cutters and grasp the spring and pull it towards the brake shoe until it is released. This can take some doing so hang in there. Use a pair of needle nose pliers to release the brake shoe hold down clips there will be one on each shoe. On some types of brakes you are want to use a brake tool for this. After both shoe hold down or anchor clips have been released grasp both brake shoes firmly and pull slightly outward which will allow the shoes to separate from the backing plate and wheel cylinder.
Once the brakes shoes are free from the backing plate what is located in the thoracic cavity the parking brake cable spring downward and release the cable from the parking brake arm. The brake shoe set will become free from the backing plate. Hold the shoe set together because it will want to come part. Replace the Wheel Cylinder: Like we motioned before the wheel cylinder must be a good condition or it will leak and ruin the new brake shoes.
If the car is fairly new you can let it go until the next brake job, but if the wheel cylinder is old or leaking it must be replaced. If the wheel cylinder fails you will lose part of the braking system pressure and it may cause an accident.
Install the New Brake Shoes: Use a medium size flat surface to initiate spring and e-bake lever swap onto the new shoes. Take note how how the springs and shoe are situated. Now would be a good time to snap another picture using your phone. At this point a brake new spring hardware kit combo kit can be used if the vehicles brakes have been overheated or the what to do with pvc pipe has more than 80, miles on it.
Springs can become brittle and lose their strength when they get hot and then cooled. Once the new brake shoes have been unboxed match the warn brake remmove to the new brake set.
They should be identical in most cases. Sometimes removee manufacturer will have an update that can make the shoe a little dru but no very often. Align the new brake shoes with the old set on a flat table or bench and start removing brake springs and swapping them to the new shoe set.
Step 2 – Remove brake shoes
Aug 23, · How Drum Brakes Work. In a drum brake system, wheel studs protrude from the brake's backing plate. A pan-shaped drum fits over the mechanism, backing plate and studs, with a hydraulic wheel cylinder and curved brake shoes inside. When you step on the brake pedal, hydraulic pressure from brake fluid activates a piston in the wheel cylinder. Nov 21, · Step 1: Remove the brake drum. Remove the drum by pulling it straight out towards you. If it does not come off easily, hit the front of it with a hammer to loosen it. Step 2: Inspect the brakes. Before you dig into replacing your brake shoes you’ll want to measure and inspect everything. Disconnect the parking brake cable. Press and turn the shoe hold down springs and remove. Unhook the lower spring between the brake shoes, and in many cases you can remove the shoes, adjuster and other mechanisms as a unit. If not, remove the upper spring and adjuster and remove the shoes. Swap any springs and hardware being reused onto new shoes.
Unhook the brake shoe adjuster cable from the adjuster lever and set it aside. Additional Notes After removing my Jeep's rear drum brakes, I found that a couple parking brake strut springs were broken.
This kit came with all the springs, pins, clips, retainers and plugs you need to do a complete overhaul of your drum brakes. Due to its low cost, this kit is something you might want to consider getting before you start the servicing of your rear drum brakes. If needed, most of these stores should be able to resurface your old brake drums if needed for a small fee. Fortunately, this is one of the cheapest maintenance jobs you can do on your Jeep but unlike servicing your front disc brakes , it is kind of a pain in the rear to do.
Not that it's exactly complicated or difficult to do per se, but it does require a certain amount of brute strength and patience to deal with myriad of heavy springs you will have to remove and reinstall. As with anything you do on your Jeep, having the right tools can make all the difference. If your Jeep's rear drum brakes are still in good condition and you're just need of adjusting them. Park your Jeep on a level surface, chock the front wheel and then using a 19mm lug nut wrench or socket, loosen the lug nuts on your rear wheel.
Place a floor jack underneath the differential of your rear axle and raise it high enough so that the tires are lifted off the ground a bit. Proceed to remove the lug nuts and the wheels off your Jeep and set them aside. If this is the first time removing your Jeep's rear brake drums for service or replacement, you will need to first remove a couple of retaining clips securing it in place. Once off, you can throw them away as the will not be reused. With the retaining clips off, you should be able to pull off your Jeep's brake drums with little effort.
If it will not come off, check to make sure you do not have your parking brake engaged. Lay some newspaper under your drum brake assembly and then liberally and thoroughly spray everything down with brake cleaner.
DO NOT use compressed air to clean your brakes. Starting with the driver side drum brake, use a pair of needle nose vice grips to clamp on, unhook and remove your Jeep's brake shoe spring.
Using a pair of needle nose pliers, lift up and remove your Jeep's brake shoe adjuster lever spring. Pull the adjuster lever downward and then unhook it from the adjuster lever pin attached to your Jeep's brake shoe. Using a pair of vice grips, clamp onto the brake shoe return spring attached to the forward facing brake shoe and then pull it off the anchor pin.
Rotate the return spring out and remove it from your Jeep's forward facing brake shoe. Again, using a pair of vice grips, clamp onto the brake shoe return spring attached to the rear facing brake shoe and then pull it off the anchor pin.
Rotate the return spring out and remove both it and the adjuster lever cable guide from your Jeep's rear facing brake shoe. Remove your Jeep's drum brake adjuster lever cable from the anchor pin. Your Jeep's drum brake adjuster screw is loosely held in by compression. Carefully spreading your Jeep's brake shoes apart will allow you to remove it with ease. Again, carefully spread apart your Jeep's brake shoes enough to remove the parking brake strut and springs. Reach behind your Jeep's drum brake backing plate and press on the hold down spring pin.
Then, using a brake spring compressor tool, push on the brake shoe hold down spring retainer and give it a twist to release it from the pin. Remove the shoe and repeat the process on the opposite shoe. Once the rear facing brake shoe is removed, flip it down and unhook the parking brake lever from it. Remove the adjuster lever spring from the pin on your Jeep's rear facing brake shoe. Take your new rear facing brake shoe and install the adjuster lever spring pin. Install your Jeep factory adjuster lever spring onto the new rear facing brake shoe pin.
Apply a dab of axle or multipurpose grease to the 6 contact surfaces of your Jeep's drum brake backing plate. Install the hold down spring and retainers onto your new forward facing brake shoe.
Then, reach behind your Jeep's drum brake backing plate and press on the hold down spring pin. Using a brake spring compressor tool, push on the brake shoe hold down spring retainer, feed the pin through the center of it and give it a twist to lock it onto the pin. Hook your Jeep's parking brake lever into the new rear facing brake shoe and then secure the shoe onto the backing plate using the factory hold down spring and pin.
Make sure the new forward and rear facing brake shoes are properly seated into your Jeep's brake shoe caliper piston. Attach your Jeep's adjuster lever cable back onto the anchor pin and leave dangling for now. Install the shoe return spring onto the new rear facing brake shoe making sure that the adjuster cable guide is properly seated.
Then, pull the spring and hook it back onto the anchor pin using a pair of vice grips. Reinstall your Jeep's parking brake strut and springs onto your new brake shoes.
Install the shoe return spring onto the new forward facing brake shoe. Then, pull and hook it back onto the anchor pin using a pair of vice grips. Thoroughly clean your Jeep's drum brake adjuster screw with brake cleaner and then apply some spray lube to the threads of it. Remove and thoroughly clean your Jeep's adjuster screw pivot with brake cleaner, apply spray lube to it and then reinstall it. Carefully spread your Jeep's new brake shoes apart just a bit and install the adjuster screw between them.
Route your Jeep's adjuster cable over the guide on the rear facing brake shoe. Reinstall your Jeep's adjuster lever onto the adjuster lever pin and then secure it in place by hooking the adjuster lever spring back on top of it. Reinstall your Jeep's brake shoe spring using a pair of needle nose vice grips.
Reinstall the brake drum onto your Jeep's axle and repeat the whole process again on the passenger side. Reinstall your wheels on your wheels, lower your Jeep back onto the ground and tighten your lug nuts to 95 ft. Then, continue to the Rear Drum Brake Adjustment instructions below. Typically, no adjustments are needed to the brakes unless you have just replaced the drums, shoes or have removed the shoes for other reasons.
Below are instructions on how to adjust your rear drum brakes using a brake spoon adjuster tool. Then, using a flat head screwdriver, remove the access hole rubber plug on your Jeep's drum brake backing plate.
Insert a brake spoon into the access hole so that it engages the teeth on the adjuster screw. Then, rotate the adjuster screw until there is a slight drag when you rotate your Jeep's wheel. Using a small flat head screwdriver, push the adjuster lever away from the adjuster screw star wheel and back it off with the brake spoon until it no longer drags when you rotate your Jeep's wheel. Reinstall the access hole rubber plug and repeat process on the opposite drum brake.
Lower your Jeep back onto the ground and then complete the adjustment to your rear drum brakes by driving your Jeep forward and then come to a complete stop. Drive your Jeep in reverse and then come to a complete stop.
Repeat this process times to equalize the rear drum brake adjusters. It is important to come to a complete stop each time as a rolling stop will not activate the auto adjusters. Verify that your break pedal should have a nice firm feel about it. Also, your parking break lever shouldn't need to be pulled up as far to engage properly anymore.
That's it, you've just completed your Jeep's rear brake service and adjustment. Be sure to take your brake shoe cores back to the part store you bought your new shoes from. You should receive a core deposit refund for them.
Please email me with any questions you might have.